Environmental and Socio-Economic Monitoring
Environmental Monitoring is the systematic documentation of changes to the environment with the goal of utilizing these observations to achieve a management objective or to answer a proposed monitoring question.
Companies or governments typically conduct monitoring with the intention of answering a stated monitoring objective. Some common monitoring objectives include:
Compliance monitoring is also often referred to as environmental monitoring. This type of monitoring is done to ensure a developer is following the terms and conditions outlined in their water licenses and land use permits.
Socioeconomic reporting can be carried out prior to a project as well as during its operations. Pre-project socioeconomic impact studies (socioeconomic impact assessments) utilize census-style data in an attempt to evaluate the impacts a project will have on various societal and economic metrics and on overall community well being. These reports have the intended goal of finding ways to mitigate the negative impacts to society, culture, and the economy.
Socioeconomic reporting conducted during a project is referred to as socioeconomic monitoring. This type of monitoring is done on a regular basis while a project is still operational to ensure that the original mitigative measures proposed in the socioeconomic impact assessment are effective, as well as to keep the developer accountable for any commitments they may have made prior to construction.